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In 1893, James Sheakley took office in Sitka as the fourth governor of Alaska.
In 1903, 200 landed at Seward from the Santa Ana and the day became known as Founders Day.
In 1904, the Seattle-Sitka submarine telegraph cable of the Army Signal Corps was completed.
In 1959, Gov. William Egan announced plans to build a road connection to Southeast Alaska via the Stikine River. Loud blasts and mushroom clouds over Fort Richardson were simulated nuclear explosions made with TNT as part of a troop training exercise. Mount Redoubt, the highest mountain in the Aleutians, was climbed for the first time by Jon Gardey, Eugene Wescott, Charles Deehr and Findley Dennel. Mrs. A.A. Helda's 40-pound cabbage, an attraction for Anchorage tour buses, was stolen from her garden.
In 1970, the formation of the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company, to build and operate the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, was formally announced by a consortium of oil companies. Those companies were Atlantic-Richfield, British Petroleum, Humble Oil & Refining, Mobil Oil, Phillips Petroleum, Union Oil, Amerada-Hess and Home Oil.
In 1971, the Russian Orthodox Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, in Kenai, was dedicated as a National Historic Landmark.
In the nation
In 1609, Henry Hudson discovered Delaware Bay.
In 1955, Emmett Till, a black teenager from Chicago, was abducted from his uncle's home in Money, Miss., by two white men after he had supposedly whistled at a white woman. He was found brutally murdered three days later.
In 1963, 200,000 people participated in a peaceful civil rights rally in Washington, where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
In 1968, police and anti-war demonstrators clashed in the streets of Chicago as the Democratic national convention nominated Hubert H. Humphrey for president.
In 1981, John W. Hinckley Jr. pleaded innocent to charges of attempting to kill President Reagan. He was later acquitted by reason of insanity.
In 1986, retired Navy warrant officer Jerry A. Whitworth, convicted for his role in a Soviet spy ring, was sentenced by a federal judge in San Francisco to 365 years in prison.
In 1996, Democrats nominated President Clinton for a second term at their national convention in Chicago.
In 2001, Gateway, the nation's No. 4 manufacturer of personal computers, said it was laying off 4,700 employees - 25 percent of its global work force - because of an increasingly bleak market.
In 2005, New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin ordered everyone in the city to evacuate after Hurricane Katrina grew to a monster storm.
In the world
In 1916, Italy's declaration of war against Germany took effect during World War I.
In 1947, legendary bullfighter Manolete was mortally wounded by a bull during a fight in Linares, Spain. He was 30.
In 1973, more than 520 people died as an earthquake shook central Mexico.
In 1988, 70 people were killed when three Italian stunt planes collided during an air show at the U.S. Air Base in Ramstein, West Germany.
In 1996, the troubled 15-year marriage of Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana officially ended with the issuing of a divorce decree.
In 2005, Iraqi negotiators finished a new constitution but without the endorsement of Sunni Arabs. West Oahu of Ewa Beach, Hawaii, won the Little League World Series title with a 7-6 win over the defending champions from Willemstad, Curacao.
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