This Day in History

Posted: Monday, September 03, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1893, the Fairbanks Sunday Times was established. It became the Fairbanks Daily Times in 1906.

• In 1910, the weekly newspaper, The Iditarod Nugget, was established by John F.A. Strong. Strong became Alaska's eighth governor in 1913.

• In 1941, the U.S. Army activated a post in Nome with nine officers and 221 enlisted men.

• In 1972, the 84-room section of the world-famous McKinley Park Hotel was destroyed by fire.

In the nation

• In 1967, the original version of the television game show "What's My Line?" broadcast its final episode after more than 17 years on CBS.

• In 1997, Arizona Gov. Fife Symington was convicted of lying to get millions in loans to shore up his collapsing real estate empire. (Symington's conviction was overturned in 1999; he was pardoned by President Clinton in January 2001 as prosecutors were pursuing the case anew.) The U.S. Senate voted to ban most federal financing for abortions provided by the managed-care industry.

• In 2002, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said the Bush administration had secret information supporting its claims that Saddam Hussein was close to developing nuclear weapons. The Senate opened debate on legislation creating a new Homeland Security Department.

• In 2006, authorities announced the capture of al-Qaida in Iraq's No. 2 leader, Hamed Jumaa Farid al-Saeedi, accusing him of "brutal and merciless" terror operations. An apartment fire in Chicago killed six children ages 3 to 14. Andre Agassi retired after losing the third-round match at the U.S. Open.

In the world

• In 1189, England's King Richard I (the Lionhearted) was crowned in Westminster.

• In 1783, the Treaty of Paris between the United States and Great Britain officially ended the Revolutionary War.

• In 1939, Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland.

• In 1943, the British 8th Army invaded Italy during World War II, the same day Italy signed a secret armistice with the Allies.

• In 1967, Nguyen Van Thieu was elected president of South Vietnam under a new constitution. Motorists in Sweden began driving on the right-hand side of the road instead of the left.

• In 1976, the unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking II landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet's surface.

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