This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, September 03, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1905, the Fairbanks Sunday Times was established. It became the Fairbanks Daily Times in 1906.

• In 1910, the weekly newspaper, The Iditarod Nugget, was established by John F.A. Strong. Strong became Alaska's eighth governor in 1913.

• In 1941, the U.S. Army activated a post in Nome with nine officers and 221 enlisted men.

• In 1972, the 84-room section of the world-famous McKinley Park Hotel was destroyed by fire.

In the nation

• In 1951, the television soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" made its debut on CBS. (It ran on CBS until 1982, when it moved to NBC until its final episode, which aired in December 1986.)

• In 2003, Paul Hill, a former minister who said he murdered an abortion doctor and his bodyguard to save the lives of unborn babies, was executed in Florida by injection, becoming the first person put to death in the United States for anti-abortion violence. President Bush signed legislation to begin free trade with Singapore and Chile.

• In 2007, millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett, 63, vanished after taking off in a single-engine plane in western Nevada. Jerry Lewis raised nearly $64 million during his annual Labor Day Telethon.

In the world

• In 1189, England's King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) was crowned in Westminster Abbey.

• In 1783, the Treaty of Paris between the United States and Great Britain officially ended the Revolutionary War.

• In 1939, Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland.

• In 1943, the British Eighth Army invaded Italy during World War II, the same day Italy signed a secret armistice with the Allies.

• In 1967, Nguyen Van Thieu was elected president of South Vietnam under a new constitution. Motorists in Sweden began driving on the right-hand side of the road instead of the left.

• In 1976, the unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking 2 landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet's surface.

• In 1978, Pope John Paul I was installed as the 264th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.

• In 1998, President Clinton visited Omagh, Northern Ireland, where he walked down the street where a car bombing had claimed 29 lives, and offered his condolences to the families of the victims. Authorities continued to recover remains from Swissair Flight 111, which had crashed off Nova Scotia the night before with 229 people aboard.

• In 2004, the three-day hostage siege at a school in Beslan, Russia, ended in bloody chaos after Chechen militants set off bombs as Russian commandos stormed the building; more than 330 people, mostly children, were killed.

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