This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, September 04, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1969, Capt. Ed Dankworth of the state police told the Alaska Press Club that Valdez was in danger of being taken over by criminal money. "I've got two troopers, a corporal and a little country telephone for a district of 52,000 people," Dankworth said.

• In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson supported a firm stand against the Japanese in North Pacific Fisheries Treaty negotiations. The Japanese were accused by the U.S. of netting large numbers of immature North American salmon to the detriment of the fishery.

• In 1971, in the worst single plane crash in the history of American aviation at that time, an Alaska Airlines 727 jet crashed 1,000 feet below the summit of a 3,500-foot mountain 21 miles west of Juneau, killing 111 people.

In the nation

• In 1781, Los Angeles was founded by Spanish settlers.

• In 1888, George Eastman received a patent for his roll-film box camera, and registered his trademark: "Kodak."

• In 1951, President Truman addressed the nation from the Japanese peace treaty conference in San Francisco in the first live, coast-to-coast television broadcast.

• In 1957, Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus used Arkansas National Guardsmen to prevent nine black students from entering all-white Central High School in Little Rock. (The situation escalated in the coming weeks, with President Dwight D. Eisenhower finally ordering U.S. Army troops to escort the black students into the school and protect them.) Ford Motor Co. began selling its ill-fated Edsel.

• In 1967, Detroit TV station WKBD aired an interview with Michigan Gov. George Romney in which the Republican presidential hopeful attributed his previous support for the war in Vietnam to a "brainwashing" he'd received from U.S. officials there during a 1965 visit - a comment that damaged his White House bid.

• In 2002, President Bush promised to seek congressional approval for "whatever is necessary" to oust Saddam Hussein, including using military force. Texas cocktail waitress and aspiring pop star Kelly Clarkson was crowned the first "American Idol" on Fox Television.

In the world

• In 1893, English author Beatrix Potter first told the story of Peter Rabbit in the form of a "picture letter" to Noel Moore, the son of Potter's former governess.

• In 1917, the American Expeditionary Forces in France suffered their first fatalities during World War I when a German plane attacked a British-run base hospital.

• In 1987, a Soviet court convicted West German pilot Mathias Rust of charges stemming from his daring flight to Moscow's Red Square, and sentenced him to four years in a labor camp. (Rust served about 14 months.)

• In 1997, a triple suicide bombing in the heart of Jerusalem claimed the lives of seven people, including the three assailants.

• In 2002, Secretary of State Colin Powell was heckled by dozens of activists on the closing day of the World Summit in South Africa.

• In 2006, two U.S. warplanes accidentally strafed allied forces in southern Afghanistan, killing one Canadian soldier. A gunman opened fire on tourists in Amman, Jordan, killing a British man (a suspect was later convicted and sentenced to death). The Airbus A380, the world's largest passenger jet, took off from Toulouse, France, with a full load of passengers for the first time.

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