This Day in History

Posted: Monday, September 05, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1880, Richard Harris and Joe Juneau arrived in Sitka with ore from Gold Creek in Juneau, but backer George Pilz was upset because they did not find the source of the gold.

• In 1935, an election in most towns of Southeast Alaska selected an unofficial delegate to Congress.

• In 1979, 80 percent of Anchorage's school teachers walked out in the first teacher strike in Anchorage.

In the nation

• In 1774, the first Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia.

• In 1836, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.

• In 1905, 100 years ago, the Treaty of Portsmouth, ending the Russo-Japanese War, was signed in New Hampshire.

• In 1975, President Ford escaped an attempt on his life by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, Calif.

• In 1977, the U.S. launched the Voyager I spacecraft two weeks after launching its twin, Voyager II.

• In 1995, O.J. Simpson jurors heard testimony that police detective Mark Fuhrman had uttered a racist slur, and advocated the killing of blacks. First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, addressing the UN-sponsored fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, declared it was "time to break the silence" about the abuse of women.

• In 2000, on the eve of congressional hearings into the recall of 6 1/2 million Firestone tires, Ford Motor Co. released new documents to bolster its contention that it had no reason to doubt the safety of the tires being investigated in 88 deaths.

• In 2004, Hurricane Frances struck Florida's central-eastern coast with heavy rain.

In the world

• In 1793, the Reign of Terror began during the French Revolution as the National Convention instituted harsh measures to repress counterrevolutionary activities.

• In 1914, the First Battle of the Marne began during World War I.

• In 1939, the United States proclaimed its neutrality in World War II.

• In 1945, Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime broadcaster Tokyo Rose, was arrested in Yokohama. D'Aquino was later convicted of treason, stripped of her U.S. citizenship and sent to serve 10 years in prison, but ended up serving six; she was pardoned in 1977 by President Ford.

• In 1972, Arab guerrillas attacked the Israeli delegation at the Munich Olympic games; 11 Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in the siege.

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