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In 1880, Richard Harris and Joe Juneau arrive in Sitka with ore from Gold Creek in Juneau, but backer George Pilz was upset because they did not find the source of the gold.
In 1881, an election in most towns of Southeast Alaska selected an unofficial delegate to Congress.
In 1979, 80 percent of Anchorage's school teachers walked out in the first teacher strike in Anchorage.
In the nation
In 1774, the first Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia.
In 1793, the Reign of Terror began during the French Revolution as the National Convention instituted harsh measures to repress counterrevolutionary activities.
In 1836, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.
In 1905, the Treaty of Portsmouth, ending the Russo-Japanese War, was signed in New Hampshire.
In 1945, Japanese-American Iva Toguri D'Aquino, suspected of being wartime broadcaster "Tokyo Rose," was arrested in Yokohama. (D'Aquino was later convicted of treason and served six years in prison; she was pardoned in 1977 by President Ford.)
In 1972, Arab guerrillas attacked the Israeli delegation at the Munich Olympic games; 11 Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in the siege.
In 1975, President Ford escaped an attempt on his life by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, Calif.
In 1996, Hurricane Fran slammed into the Carolinas.
In 2001, Mexican President Vicente Fox arrived at the White House as the first state visitor of the Bush presidency.
In 2005, President Bush nominated John Roberts for chief justice. President Bush and Louisiana Gov. Kathleen Blanco, during a Gulf Coast tour, consoled Hurricane Katrina victims and thanked relief workers. Jerry Rice ended an NFL career that included three Super Bowls and records for most career receptions, receiving yards and receiving touchdowns.
In the world
In 1914, the First Battle of the Marne began during World War I.
In 1939, the United States proclaimed its neutrality in World War II.
In 1986, 21 people were killed and dozens wounded after four hijackers who had seized a Pan Am jumbo jet in Karachi, Pakistan, opened fire when the lights inside the plane failed.
In 1996, Russian President Boris Yeltsin acknowledged he would undergo heart surgery.
In 2001, Peru's attorney general filed homicide charges against Alberto Fujimori, linking the ex-president to two massacres by paramilitary death squads in the early 1990s. (Fujimori, now in Chile, continues to fight extradition.)
In 2005, an Indonesian jetliner crashed, killing 143 people, including 44 on the ground; 18 passengers survived.