In 1916, the Cape St. Elias Light Station was established.
In 1929, George Parks of Colorado was nominated by President Herbert Hoover for a second term as governor of Alaska. He first became governor in 1925.
In 1939, the U.S. Coast Guard, on orders from President Franklin Roosevelt, dispatched two cutters from Alaska to the East Coast following Germany's invasion of Poland.
In 1951, the first door-to-door mail service in Alaska began in Anchorage. Four postmen were bitten and had their clothes torn by dogs during the first week.
In the nation
In 1837, the Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio went co-educational.
In 1901, President McKinley was shot and mortally wounded by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, N.Y. McKinley died eight days later. He was succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.
In 1909, American explorer Robert Peary sent word that he had reached the North Pole five months earlier.
In 1985, all 31 people aboard a Midwest Express Airlines DC-9 were killed when the Atlanta-bound jetliner crashed just after takeoff from Milwaukee's Mitchell Field.
In 1995, Hurricane Luis moved away from the Caribbean after lashing resort islands. Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman invoked his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination as he was called back to the witness stand at the O.J. Simpson trial. The Senate Ethics Committee voted unanimously to recommend expulsion of Senator Bob Packwood, accused of sexual and official misconduct. Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken broke Lou Gehrig's record by playing his 2,131st consecutive game.
In 2000, Michael Swango, a former doctor suspected in a string of poisoning deaths, pleaded guilty to killing three patients in a Long Island, N.Y., hospital, and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
In 2004, former President Clinton underwent successful heart bypass surgery during a four-hour procedure at New York Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia. Hurricane Frances pounded the Florida panhandle as a tropical storm.
In the world
In 1939, South Africa declared war on Germany.
In 1941, Jews over age 6 in German-occupied areas were ordered to wear yellow Stars of David.
In 1948, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands was coronated.
In 1952, Canadian television broadcasting began in Montreal.
In 1966, South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd was stabbed to death by a deranged page during a parliamentary session in Cape Town.
In 1970, Palestinian guerrillas seized control of three jetliners which were later blown up on the ground in Jordan after the passengers and crews were evacuated.
In 1997, Britain bade farewell to Princess Diana with a funeral service at Westminster Abbey. Weeping masses gathered in Calcutta, India, to pay homage to Mother Teresa, who had died the day before at age 87.
In 2000, the Millennium Summit, the largest gathering of world leaders in history, convened at the United Nations.