This Day in History

Posted: Friday, September 09, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1913, the First Territorial Bank of Alaska opened in Douglas.

• In 1959, Wrangell sought state help in finding a doctor for the town after their only doctor fell ill and could not practice.

In the nation

• In 1776, the Second Continental Congress made the term "United States" official, replacing "United Colonies."

• In 1830, Charles Durant flew a balloon from New York City across the Hudson River to Perth Amboy, N.J.

• In 1850, California became the 31st state of the union.

• In 1926, the National Broadcasting Co. was created by the Radio Corp. of America.

• In 1957, President Eisenhower signed into law the first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruction.

• In 1971, prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, N.Y., beginning a siege that ended up claiming 43 lives.

• In 2000, President Clinton proposed spending about $1.6 billion to help communities recover from recent Western wildfires.

• In 2004, Secretary of State Colin Powell told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that abuses by government-supported Arab militias in Sudan qualified as genocide against the black African population in the Darfur region.

In the world

• In 1943, Allied forces landed at Salerno and Taranto during World War II.

• In 1948, the People's Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was created.

• In 1993, PLO leaders and Israel agreed to recognize each other, clearing the way for a peace accord.

• In 1995, Bosnian Serbs blamed U.N. forces for a shell that killed 10 people at a Bosnian Serb hospital the day before.

• In 1997, Sinn Fein, the IRA's political ally, formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland's future.

• In 2004, a powerful car bomb exploded outside the Australian Embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, killing 10 people.

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