NOME - The 150 residents of Little Diomede Island are considering moving their entire community to the mainland.
Little Diomede is in the Bering Sea, next to the International Dateline, between mainland Alaska's Seward Peninsula and Russia's Chukotsk Peninsula.
Eric Iyapana, president of the local tribal council, told KNOM radio that nothing is definite just yet. Residents voted earlier this summer to relocate.
Iyapana said the need for better plumbing, housing and transportation is driving the debate. Little Diomede is a rocky island, just 2.8 square miles in size. It is accessible only by boat or weekly helicopter service, weather permitting. That makes transporting supplies and getting residents in and out during emergencies difficult and costly.
If residents do ultimately leave the island they would settle at Lost River, about 60 miles away on the Seward Peninsula, where the tribe owns land, Iyapana said.
In addition to the logistical difficulties, a move could challenge the cultural identity of the villagers. Little Diomede residents are linked to the sea and rely upon walrus, seals, whales, fish, crab and polar bears.
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