This Day in History

Posted: Friday, September 10, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1904, Nome police chief Charles Jewett was suspended from his post, accused of accepting bribes from arrestees and "fallen women without due process of law." He was reinstated after 30 minutes.

• In 1907, the Tongass National Forest was established in Southeast Alaska.

• In 1918, the "golden spike" was driven in the railroad that connected Seward and Anchorage.

• In 1949, the director of the Boston Museum proposed installing a cosmic ray laboratory at 18,000-foot Denali Pass on Mt. McKinley.

• In 1959, the Kenai Unit No. 1 well, a joint venture between Union Oil Co. and Ohio Oil Co., set a new Alaska record depth of 14,415 feet. The previous record had been held by Humble Oil Co.

In the nation

• In 1608, John Smith was elected president of the Jamestown colony council in Virginia.

• In 1813, an American naval force commanded by Oliver H. Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812.

• In 1846, Elias Howe received a patent for his sewing machine.

• In 1919, New York City welcomed home Gen. John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who'd served in the U.S. First Division during World War I.

• In 1948, American-born Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio broadcaster Axis Sally, was indicted in Washington, D.C., for treason. (She was later convicted, and served 12 years in prison.)

• In 1955, "Gunsmoke" premiered on CBS.

• In 1963, 20 black students entered Alabama public schools following a standoff between federal authorities and Gov. George C. Wallace.

• In 1979, four Puerto Rican nationalists imprisoned for a 1954 attack on the U.S. House of Representatives and a 1950 attempt on the life of President Truman were granted clemency by President Carter.

• In 1994, President Clinton, Vice President Al Gore and top national security advisers met to discuss Haiti, but made no final decisions. Arantxa Sanchez Vicario defeated Steffi Graf to win the U.S. Open women's championship.

• In 1999, the U.S. government began freeing 14 Puerto Rican nationalists granted clemency by President Clinton. A federal judge ordered an end to busing and other means of achieving racial balance in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, the North Carolina school system that pioneered urban busing in the United States after a landmark Supreme Court ruling three decades earlier.

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