This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, September 10, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1904, Nome police chief Charles Jewett was suspended from his post, accused of accepting bribes from arrestees and "fallen women without due process of law." He was reinstated after 30 minutes.

• In 1907, the Tongass National Forest was established in Southeast Alaska.

• In 1918, the "golden spike" was driven in the railroad that connected Seward and Anchorage.

• In 1949, the director of the Boston Museum proposed installing a cosmic ray laboratory at 18,000-foot Denali Pass on Mt. McKinley.

• In 1959, the Kenai Unit No. 1 well, a joint venture between Union Oil Co. and Ohio Oil Co., set a new Alaska record depth of 14,415 feet. The previous record had been held by Humble Oil Co.

• In 1969, Alaska's oil lease sale pumped nine hundred million dollars into Alaska's economy as 179 tracts of potentially oil-rich North Slope lands were leased. Former State Attorney General Edgar Paul Boyko filed suit to stop the awarding of 33 of the 179 state oil-lease tracts.

In the nation

• In 1608, John Smith was elected president of the Jamestown colony council in Virginia.

• In 1813, an American naval force commanded by Oliver H. Perry defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812.

• In 1846, Elias Howe received a patent for his sewing machine.

• In 1919, New York City welcomed home Gen. John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who served in the U.S. First Division during World War I.

• In 1955, the long-running TV Western series "Gunsmoke," starring James Arness as Marshal Matt Dillon, premiered on CBS television.

• In 1963, 20 black students entered Alabama public schools following a standoff between federal authorities and Gov. George C. Wallace.

• In 1996, the Senate dealt a double defeat to gay-rights activists, voting to reject same-sex marriage in federal law and killing a separate bill that would have barred job discrimination against gays. Ross Perot picked economist Pat Choate to share the Reform Party presidential ticket.

• In 2001, Michael Jordan all but confirmed that he intended to return to play in the NBA.

In the world

• In 1939, Canada declared war on Nazi Germany.

• In 1945, Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for collaborating with the Nazis (he was executed by firing squad in October 1945).

• In 1977, convicted murderer Hamida Djandoubi, a Tunisian immigrant, became the last person to date to be executed by the guillotine in France.

• In 1996, Hurricane Hortense pounded Puerto Rico, causing at least 21 deaths and destroying thousands of homes.

• In 2001, a Marxist militant suicide bomber blew himself up in a popular Istanbul square, killing himself and three others, including an Australian woman. Secretary of State Colin Powell arrived in Lima, Peru, to attend an Organization of American States foreign ministers meeting.

• In 2003, Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh, 46, was stabbed in a Stockholm department store; she died the next day.

• In 2005, cadaver dogs and boatloads of forensic workers fanned out across New Orleans to collect the corpses left behind by Hurricane Katrina; cleanup crews towed away abandoned cars and even began readying a hotel for reopening. Kim Clijsters won her first major title, cruising to a 6-3, 6-1 victory over Mary Pierce at the U.S. Open.

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