In 1958, poet Robert W. Service died in Monte Carlo at the age of 85.
In the nation
In 1789, Alexander Hamilton was appointed the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
In 1814, an American fleet scored a decisive victory over the British in the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812.
In 1936, President Franklin Roosevelt dedicated Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) by pressing a key in Washington to signal the startup of the dam's first hydroelectric generator in Nevada.
In 1941, Charles A. Lindbergh sparked charges of anti-Semitism with a speech in which he said "the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt administration" were trying to draw the United States into World War II.
In 1998, Congress released Kenneth Starr's voluminous report that offered graphic details of President Clinton's alleged sexual misconduct and leveled accusations of perjury and obstruction of justice. The president's attorneys quickly issued a point-by-point rebuttal.
In 2001, in the worst single act of terrorism committed on U.S. soil, two hijacked jetliners crashed into New York's World Trade Center, causing the twin towers to fall and killing more than 2,800 people; a commandeered jetliner smashed into the Pentagon, claiming 189 lives; and a fourth plane with 44 people aboard crashed in western Pennsylvania as the passengers apparently fought with the hijackers.
In the world
In 1971, former Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev died at age 77.
In 1972, the troubled Munich Summer Olympics ended.
In 1973, Chilean President Salvador Allende died in a violent military coup.
In 1978, Georgi Markov, a Bulgarian defector, died at a British hospital four days after being stabbed by a man wielding a poisoned umbrella tip.
In 1993, Antoine Izmery, a prominent supporter of exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was shot and killed outside a church in Port-au-Prince; the U.N. mission accused Haitian armed forces of involvement. Conductor Erich Leinsdorf died in Zurich, Switzerland, at age 81.
In 1997, Scots voted to create their own Parliament after 290 years of union with England.