This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, September 13, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1905, fire destroyed 43 business buildings in Nome.

• In 1906, the steamer Oregon was wrecked at Cape Hinchenbrook, at the entrance to Prince William Sound all 121 aboard were saved.

• In 1913, concrete is poured for the first story of Juneau's first City Hall. The Alaska Office Building now sits at that location.

• In 1955, in a special election, Alaskans sent 55 delegates to a Constitutional Convention.

• In 1979, Anchorage's teacher strike ended after a week when an acceptable negotiation plan was agreed to and signed by Judge Victor Carlson.

In the nation

• In 1788, the Congress of the Confederation authorized the first national election, and declared New York City the temporary national capital.

• In 1948, Republican Margaret Chase Smith of Maine was elected to the U.S. Senate, becoming the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress.

• In 1971, a four-day inmates' rebellion at the Attica Correctional Facility in upstate New York ended as police and guards stormed the prison; the ordeal and final assault claimed 43 lives.

• In 1989, Fay Vincent was named commissioner of Major League Baseball, succeeding the late A. Bartlett Giamatti.

• In 2005, President Bush, for the first time, took responsibility for federal government mistakes in dealing with Hurricane Katrina and suggested the calamity raised broader questions about the government's ability to handle both natural disasters and terror attacks. President Bush sought China's help to stop nuclear weapons programs in North Korea and Iran and won a pledge from President Hu Jintao to step up pressure on Pyongyang.

In the world

• In 1759, during the final French and Indian War, the British defeated the French on the Plains of Abraham overlooking Quebec City.

• In 1922, the highest shade temperature on the earth's surface was recorded in El Azizia, Libya, which reached 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit.

• In 1993, at the White House, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat shook hands after signing an accord granting limited Palestinian autonomy.

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