In 1834, Alfred P. Swineford, Alaska's second governor, was born in Ohio.
In 1871, a 32-ship whaling fleet from New England was abandoned at Wainwright Inlet when ice cut it off from open water. The 1,200 crew members used whale boats to reach safety at Icy Cape. No lives were lost.
In 1884, Alaska's first governor, John Kinkead, appointed by President Chester Arthur, arrived in Sitka to take up his duties.
In 1884, the first meeting of the Presbytery of Alaska was held in Wrangell.
In the nation
In 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote his poem "The Star-Spangled Banner" after witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in Maryland during the War of 1812.
In 1901, President McKinley died in Buffalo, N.Y., of gunshot wounds inflicted by an assassin. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt succeeded him.
In 1940, Congress passed the Selective Service Act, providing for the first peacetime draft in U.S. history.
In 1948, a groundbreaking ceremony took place in New York at the site of the United Nations world headquarters.
In 1963, Mary Ann Fischer of Aberdeen, S.D., gave birth to four girls and a boy, the first surviving quintuplets in the United States.
In 1994, on the 34th day of a strike by players, acting baseball commissioner Bud Selig announced the 1994 season was over.