This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, September 14, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1871, a 32-ship whaling fleet from New England was abandoned at Wainwright Inlet when ice cut it off from open water. The 1,200 crewmembers used whale boats to reach safety at Icy Cape. No lives were lost.

• In 1884, Alaska's first governor, John Kinkead, appointed by President Chester Arthur, arrived in Sitka to take up his duties. The first meeting of the Presbytery of Alaska was held in Wrangell.

In the nation

• In 1814, Francis Scott Key was inspired to write his poem "The Star-Spangled Banner" after witnessing how Fort McHenry in Maryland had endured British bombardment during the War of 1812.

• In 1847, U.S. forces under Gen. Winfield Scott took control of Mexico City.

• In 1901, President William McKinley died in Buffalo, N.Y., of gunshot wounds inflicted by an assassin. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt succeeded him.

• In 1948, a groundbreaking ceremony took place in New York at the site of the United Nations' world headquarters.

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