In 1885, Alfred P. Swineford took office as the second governor of the district of Alaska.
In 1913, Cordova residents formed the Alaska Good Roads Club with the goal of promoting a road from Fairbanks to Chitna.
In 1959, the Bureau of Land Management paid Alaska nearly $4.4 million as the state's share of oil and gas lease revenue on public lands in Alaska.
In 1959, Everett Benson was convicted in Spokane, Wash. on five counts of grand larceny in connection with the financing of an Alaska mine venture.
In 1986, the 5 billionth barrel of oil to travel down the trans-Alaska oil pipeline arrived in Valdez.
In the nation
In 1776, British forces occupied New York City during the American Revolution.
In 1789, the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the Department of State.
In 1959, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev arrived in the United States to begin a 13-day visit.
In 1963, four black girls were killed when a bomb went off during Sunday services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala. (Three Ku Klux Klansmen were eventually convicted for their roles in the blast.)
In 2004, three Americans were found guilty of torturing Afghans in a private jail and sentenced to prison. National Hockey League owners agreed to lock out the players.
In the world
In 1821, independence was proclaimed for Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador.
In 1917, Russia was proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky, the head of a provisional government.
In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws deprived German Jews of their citizenship and made the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany.
In 1940, during the Battle of Britain in World War II, the tide turned as the Luftwaffe sustained heavy losses inflicted by the Royal Air Force.
In 1950, during the Korean War, United Nations forces landed at Inchon in the south and began their drive toward Seoul.
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