This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, September 15, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1885, Alfred P. Swineford took office as the second governor of the district of Alaska.

• In 1913, Cordova residents formed the Alaska Good Roads Club with the goal of promoting a road from Fairbanks to Chitna.

• In 1959, the Bureau of Land Management paid Alaska nearly $4.4 million as the state's share of oil and gas lease revenue on public lands in Alaska.

• In 1959, Everett Benson was convicted in Spokane, Wash. on five counts of grand larceny in connection with the financing of an Alaska mine venture.

• In 1986, the 5 billionth barrel of oil to travel down the trans-Alaska oil pipeline arrived in Valdez.

In the nation

• In 1776, British forces occupied New York City during the American Revolution.

• In 1789, the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the Department of State.

• In 1959, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev arrived in the United States to begin a 13-day visit.

• In 1963, four black girls were killed when a bomb went off during Sunday services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala. (Three Ku Klux Klansmen were eventually convicted for their roles in the blast.)

• In 2004, three Americans were found guilty of torturing Afghans in a private jail and sentenced to prison. National Hockey League owners agreed to lock out the players.

In the world

• In 1821, independence was proclaimed for Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador.

• In 1917, Russia was proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky, the head of a provisional government.

• In 1935, the Nuremberg Laws deprived German Jews of their citizenship and made the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany.

• In 1940, during the Battle of Britain in World War II, the tide turned as the Luftwaffe sustained heavy losses inflicted by the Royal Air Force.

• In 1950, during the Korean War, United Nations forces landed at Inchon in the south and began their drive toward Seoul.

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