This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, September 16, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1901, Professor Leonard, an aeronaut, performed acrobatic feats on a horizontal bar suspended from a large balloon over the Bering Sea near Nome.

• In 1925, the Southeast Alaska Fair opened in the Arctic Brotherhood Hall in Juneau.

• In 1947, bidding was opened by the U.S. Forest Service on 1.5 billion cubic feet of timber in the Ketchikan area. This was part of a plan to establish 5 or 6 large paper mills in Alaska.

• In 1974, the U.S. Army provided Kodiak with three emergency generators to give the Kodiak Electric Association a chance to repair broken equipment.

In the nation

• In 1893, more than 100,000 settlers swarmed onto a section of land in Oklahoma known as the "Cherokee Strip."

• In 1919, the American Legion was formally chartered by an act of Congress.

• In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the Selective Training and Service Act, which set up the first peacetime military draft in U.S. history. Samuel T. Rayburn of Texas was elected speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.

• In 1966, the Metropolitan Opera opened its new opera house at New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.

• In 1967, the TV series "Mannix," starring Mike Connors, premiered on CBS.

• In 1997, Attorney General Janet Reno named Charles La Bella the Justice Department's new lead prosecutor in the campaign fundraising investigation.

In the world

• In 1810, Mexico began its successful revolt against Spanish rule.

• In 1982, the massacre of hundreds of Palestinian men, women and children by Israeli-allied Lebanese militiamen began in west Beirut's Sabra and Chatilla refugee camps.

• In 1987, two dozen countries signed the Montreal Protocol, a treaty designed to save the Earth's ozone layer by calling on nations to reduce emissions of harmful chemicals by the year 2000.

• In 2002, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan announced that Iraq had unconditionally accepted the return of U.N. weapons inspectors.

• In 2006, the Vatican said Pope Benedict XVI "sincerely" regretted offending Muslims with his reference to an obscure medieval text characterizing some of the teachings of Islam's founder as "evil and inhuman," but the statement stopped short of the apology demanded by Islamic leaders. Mexico extradited accused drug kingpin Francisco Rafael Arellano Felix to the U.S. to face drug charges. (He later pleaded guilty to federal charges of selling cocaine in a San Diego motel.)

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