This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, September 18, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1913, Anthony J. Dimond was appointed U.S. Commissioner at Chisana, the start of a long career of public service.

• In 1922, the University of Alaska Fairbanks opened.

• In 1929, ground was broken in Juneau for the Federal and Territorial Building, now the state capitol.

In the nation

• In 1793, President Washington laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol.

• In 1850, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, which allowed slaveowners to reclaim slaves who had escaped to other states.

• In 1851, the first edition of The New York Times was published.

• In 1927, the Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later CBS) made its debut with a basic network of 16 radio stations.

• In 1947, the National Security Act, which unified the Army, Navy and newly formed Air Force into a National Military Establishment, went into effect.

• In 1963, "The Patty Duke Show" premiered on ABC television.

• In 1975, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was captured by the FBI in San Francisco, 19 months after being kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army.

• In 1998, over Democratic objections, the House Judiciary Committee voted to release President Clinton's videotaped grand jury testimony as well as 2,800 pages of sometimes graphic evidence compiled by Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr. Mark McGwire hit his 64th home run of the season, pulling out of a tie with Sammy Sosa.

• In 2002, the Bush administration pressed Congress to take the lead in authorizing force against Iraq.

In the world

• In 1759, the French formally surrendered Quebec to the British.

• In 1810, Chile declared its independence from Spain.

• In 1961, United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold was killed in a plane crash in northern Rhodesia.

• In 1970, rock star Jimi Hendrix died in London at age 27.

• In 2002, in Paris, wartime collaborator Maurice Papon, 92, walked out of prison after judges ruled him too old and sick to finish his 10-year sentence for helping send Jews to Nazi death camps.

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