This Day in History

Posted: Monday, September 18, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1913, Anthony J. Dimond was appointed U.S. Commissioner at Chisana, the start of a long career of public service.

• In 1922, the University of Alaska Fairbanks opened.

• In 1929, ground was broken in Juneau for the Federal and Territorial Building, now the state Capitol.

• In 1939, the Book Cache Lending Library and Bookstore, run by Miss Honor Kempton, opened in Anchorage.

• In 1948, Eielson Air Force Base, near Fairbanks, was formally dedicated.

In the nation

• In 1793, President Washington laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol.

• In 1850, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, which allowed slaveowners to reclaim slaves who had escaped to other states.

• In 1851, the first edition of The New York Times was published.

• In 1927, the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) made its debut with a basic network of 16 radio stations.

• In 1947, the National Security Act, which unified the Army, Navy and newly formed Air Force into a National Military Establishment, went into effect.

• In 1975, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was captured by the FBI in San Francisco, 19 months after being kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army.

• In 1981, a museum honoring former President Ford was dedicated in Grand Rapids, Mich.

• In 1996, Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole fell off a stage during a campaign rally in Chico, Calif., after a railing gave way; he was not seriously hurt. The O.J. Simpson civil trial opened in Santa Monica, Calif. The Food and Drug Administration declared the French abortion pill RU-486 safe and effective, but withheld final approval until later.

• In 2001, a week after the Sept. 11 attack, President Bush said he hoped to "rally the world" in the battle against terrorism and predicted that all "people who love freedom" would join. Letters postmarked Trenton, N.J., that later tested positive for anthrax were sent to the New York Post and NBC anchorman Tom Brokaw. Boeing announced plans to lay off up to 30,000 commercial airplane employees by the end of 2002.

• In 2005, tropical Storm Rita formed southeast of the Florida Keys. "Everybody Loves Raymond" won the Emmy for best comedy in its final season; first-year hit "Lost" was named best drama.

In the world

• In 1810, Chile declared its independence from Spain.

• In 1961, United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold was killed in a plane crash in northern Rhodesia.

• In 2005, millions of Afghans defied a Taliban boycott call and militant attacks to vote for a new parliament. German conservative challenger Angela Merkel's bloc won the most votes in elections, but fell short of a clear mandate to govern.

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