This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, September 18, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1913, Anthony Dimond was appointed U.S. commissioner at Chisana, the start of a long career of public service.

• In 1922, the University of Alaska Fairbanks opened.

• In 1929, ground was broken in Juneau for the Federal and Territorial Building, now the state Capitol.

• In 1939, the Book Cache Lending Library and Bookstore, run by Honor Kempton, opened in Anchorage.

• In 1948, Eielson Air Force Base, near Fairbanks, was formally dedicated.

In the nation

• In 1793, President George Washington laid the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol.

• In 1850, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, which created a force of federal commissioners charged with returning escaped slaves to their owners.

• In 1851, the first edition of The New York Times was published.

• In 1927, the Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later CBS) made its on-air debut with a basic network of 16 radio stations.

• In 1947, the National Security Act, which created a National Military Establishment, went into effect.

• In 1975, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was captured by the FBI in San Francisco, 19 months after being kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army.

• In 1987, the movie "Fatal Attraction," starring Michael Douglas and Glenn Close, opened in U.S. theaters.

In the world

• In 1759, the French formally surrendered Quebec to the British.

• In 1810, Chile made its initial declaration of independence from Spain.

• In 1961, United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold was killed in a plane crash in northern Rhodesia.

• In 1997, two gunmen opened fire on a group of German tourists in front of the Egyptian Museum in downtown Cairo, killing nine of the tourists and a bus driver.

• In 2006, an Iranian-American telecommunications entrepreneur, Anousheh Ansari, took off on a Russian rocket bound for the international space station, becoming the the world's first paying female space tourist. Aboard the space station, an oxygen generator overheated and spilled a toxic irritant, forcing the crew to don masks and gloves in the first emergency ever declared aboard the 8-year-old orbiting outpost.

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