This Day in History

Posted: Monday, September 19, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1903, the daily Fairbanks News was established. It later combined with the Fairbanks Miner.

• In 1949, Colonel Brent Balchen, an Arctic aviation pioneer and his crew flew a U.S. Air Force transport plane 3,700 miles from Anchorage to Oslo, Norway, in a record-breaking 22.5-hour non-stop flight.

• In 1963, Shell Oil Company announced a major oil discovery in Cook Inlet.

• In 1969, the U.S.S. Manhattan, an ice breaking tanker on an experimental voyage through the Northwest Passage from the east coast of the U.S., took delivery of one barrel of North Slope crude oil off Prudhoe Bay. Humble Oil hoped ice breaking oil tankers could take North Slope crude to market.

In the nation

• In 1777, during the Revolutionary War, American soldiers won the first Battle of Saratoga.

• In 1796, President Washington's farewell address was published.

• In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnap-murder of Charles A. Lindbergh Jr.

• In 1957, the United States conducted its first underground nuclear test, in the Nevada desert.

• In 1959, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev reacted angrily during a visit to Los Angeles upon being told that, for security reasons, he wouldn't be allowed to visit Disneyland.

• In 1960, Cuban leader Fidel Castro, in New York to visit the United Nations, angrily checked out of the Shelburne Hotel in a dispute with the management.

• In 1995, the New York Times and The Washington Post published the Unabomber's manifesto. The Senate passed a welfare overhaul bill. The U.S. ambassador and the commander of American forces in Japan apologized for the rape of an Okinawan schoolgirl committed by three U.S. servicemen.

• In 2000, the Senate approved permanent normal trade status for China.

In the world

• In 1945, Nazi propagandist William Joyce, known as "Lord Haw-Haw," was sentenced to death by a British court.

• In 1955, President Juan Peron of Argentina was ousted after a revolt by the army and navy.

• In 1985, the Mexico City area was struck by the first of two devastating quakes that claimed some 6,000 lives.

• In 2000, the Romanian women's gymnastics team won the gold medal at the Sydney Olympics; Russia won the silver, China took the bronze, and the U.S. placed fourth.

• In 2004, Hu Jintao became the undisputed leader of China with the departure of former President Jiang Zemin from his top military post.

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