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In 1903, the daily Fairbanks News was established. It later combined with the Fairbanks Miner.
In 1949, Colonel Brent Balchen, an Arctic aviation pioneer and his crew flew a U.S. Air Force transport plane 3700 miles from Anchorage to Oslo, Norway in a record-breaking 22.5 hour non-stop flight.
In 1963, Shell Oil Company announced a major oil discovery in Cook Inlet.
In 1969, the U.S.S. Manhattan, an ice breaking tanker on an experimental voyage through the Northwest Passage from the east coast of the U.S., took delivery of one barrel of North Slope crude oil off Prudhoe Bay. Humble Oil hoped ice breaking oil tankers could take North Slope crude to market.
In the nation
In 1777, during the Revolutionary War, American soldiers won the first Battle of Saratoga.
In 1796, President Washington's farewell address was published. In it, the nation's first chief executive wrote, "Observe good faith and justice towards all Nations; cultivate peace and harmony with all."
In 1906, addressing the annual dinner of The Associated Press in New York, Mark Twain said, "There are only two forces that can carry light to all the corners of the globe - only two - the sun in the heavens and The Associated Press down here."
In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnap-murder of Charles A. Lindbergh Jr.
In 1959, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev reacted angrily during a visit to Los Angeles upon being told that, for security reasons, he wouldn't be allowed to visit Disneyland.
In 1960, Cuban leader Fidel Castro, in New York to visit the United Nations, angrily checked out of the Shelburne Hotel in a dispute with the management.
In 1986, federal health officials announced that the experimental drug AZT would be made available to thousands of AIDS patients.
In 1996, IBM announced it would extend health benefits to the partners of its homosexual employees.
In 2005, former Tyco CEO L. Dennis Kozlowski was sentenced in New York to up to 25 years in prison for looting the company of hundreds of millions of dollars.
In the world
In 1783, Jacques Etienne Montgolfier launched a duck, a sheep and a rooster aboard a hot-air balloon at Versailles in France.
In 1945, Nazi propagandist William Joyce, known as "Lord Haw-Haw," was sentenced to death by a British court.
In 1955, President Juan Peron of Argentina was ousted after a revolt by the army and navy.
In 1996, American astronaut Shannon Lucid, on board the Russian Mir space station since March, eagerly greeted the crew of Atlantis hours after their arrival and docking.
In 2005, North Korea pledged to drop its nuclear weapons development and rejoin international arms treaties, but its leaders quickly backpedaled.