In 1898, the Discovery claim was staked on Anvil Creek, touching off the Nome Gold Rush.
In the nation
In 1776, Nathan Hale was hanged as a spy by the British during the Revolutionary War.
In 1862, President Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in rebel states should be free as of Jan. 1, 1863.
In 1927, Gene Tunney successfully defended his heavyweight boxing title against Jack Dempsey in the famous "long-count" fight in Chicago.
In 1975, Sara Jane Moore attempted to shoot President Ford outside a San Francisco hotel, but missed.
In the world
In 1792, the French Republic was proclaimed.
In 1949, the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb.
In 1980, the Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupted into full-scale war.