In 1959, an Anchorage Daily Times editorial argued that Juneau was too remote from the rest of Alaska to be considered a good state capital.
In 1959, Alaska's Labor commissioner, Lewis Dischner, reported that the Teamsters Union and an AFL-CIO affiliate were beginning separate efforts to organize state employees.
In 1969, Richard Warner, a Canadian professor of environmental biology, warned that an oil spill in the Arctic could produce disastrous pollution that could persist for decades, perhaps centuries.
In 1969, the ice-breaking tanker the USS Manhattan began its return voyage from Alaska to the East Coast of the United States with one barrel of North Slope crude oil.
In the nation
In 1642, Harvard College in Cambridge, Mass., held its first commencement.
In 1779, during the Revolutionary War, the American warship Bon Homme Richard defeated the HMS Serapis after the American commander, John Paul Jones, is said to have declared: "I have not yet begun to fight!"
In 1806, the Lewis and Clark expedition returned to St. Louis from the Pacific Northwest.
In 1952, Republican vice-presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon went on television to deliver what came to be known as the "Checkers" speech as he disputed allegations of improper campaign financing.
In 1957, nine black students who had entered Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas were forced to withdraw because of a white mob outside.
In 1962, New York's Philharmonic Hall (since renamed Avery Fisher Hall) formally opened as the first unit of the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
In 1995, in a wide-ranging interview aboard Air Force One, President Clinton admitted he had tended in the past to get hung up on details, and pledged to do a better job in providing reassuring leadership to Americans confused by tumultuous times.
In 2004, President Bush denied painting too rosy a picture about Iraq, and said he would consider sending more troops if asked; Iraq's interim leader, Ayad Allawi, standing with Bush in the White House Rose Garden, said additional troops weren't needed. Congress extended three middle-class tax cuts in a $146 billion package.
In the world
In 1780, British spy John Andre was captured along with papers revealing Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West Point to the British.
In 1846, the planet Neptune was discovered by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.