This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, September 23, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1959, an Anchorage Daily Times editorial argued that Juneau was too remote from the rest of Alaska to be considered a good state capital. Alaska's Labor Commissioner, Lewis Dischner, reported that the Teamsters Union and an AFL-CIO affiliate were beginning separate efforts to organize state employees.

• In 1969, Richard Warner, a Canadian professor of Environmental Biology, warned that an oil spill in the Arctic could produce disastrous pollution which could persist for decades, perhaps centuries. The ice-breaking tanker, the U.S.S. Manhattan, began its return voyage from Alaska to the East Coast of the U.S. with one barrel of North Slope crude oil.

In the nation

• In 1779, during the Revolutionary War, the American warship Bon Homme Richard, commanded by John Paul Jones, defeated the HMS Serapis in battle.

• In 1806, the Lewis and Clark expedition returned to St. Louis more than two years after setting out for the Pacific Northwest.

• In 1938, a time capsule, to be opened in the year 6939, was buried on the grounds of the World's Fair in New York City.

• In 1952, Republican vice presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon went on television to deliver what became known as the "Checkers" speech as he refuted allegations of improper campaign financing.

• In 1957, nine black students who had entered Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas were forced to withdraw because of a white mob outside.

• In 1962, New York's Philharmonic Hall (since renamed Avery Fisher Hall) formally opened as the first unit of the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.

• In 1973, former Argentine president Juan Peron won a landslide election victory that returned him to power; his wife, Isabel, was elected vice president.

• In 1987, Delaware Sen. Joseph Biden withdrew from the Democratic presidential race following questions about his use of borrowed quotations and the portrayal of his academic record.

• In 1997, the Senate Finance Committee opened hearings into reports of alleged abuses by the Internal Revenue Service.

• In 2001, 13 coal miners were killed in explosions at the Blue Creek Mine No. 5 in Brookwood, Ala.

• In 2002, Gov. Gray Davis signed a law making California the first state to offer workers paid family leave.

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