In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1794, eight monks from the Russian Orthodox Church reached Kodiak, founding their faith in North America.
In 1917, the Katmai National Monument, in Southwestern Alaska, was established with a proclamation by President Woodrow Wilson.
In 1924, a fire destroyed a large part of the business district of Tanana.
In 1934, a single-engine biplane took off from Cordova in the first flight of Cordova Airlines.
In 1949, Pan American World Airways resumed the world's longest aerial "milk run." Twice a week, it flew 2,191 miles from Seattle to Nome carrying 120 pounds of fresh milk for free distribution to Nome children.
In 1979, the Southeast Alaska Conservation Council filed a lawsuit against the state, charging that a recent timber sale endangered the eagle habitat in the Chilkat Valley near Haines.
In the nation
In 1789, Congress passed a Judiciary Act which provided for an attorney general and a Supreme Court.
In 1869, thousands of businessmen were ruined in a Wall Street panic known as "Black Friday" after financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk attempted to corner the gold market.
In 1929, Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY-2 Biplane over Mitchel Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight.
In 1955, President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack while on vacation in Denver.
In 1958, "The Donna Reed Show" premiered on ABC-TV.
In 1960, the USS Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was launched at Newport News, Va.
In 1968, the TV news magazine "60 Minutes" premiered on CBS; the undercover police drama "The Mod Squad" premiered on ABC.
In 1976, Patricia Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery in San Francisco carried out by the Symbionese Liberation Army. (She was released after 22 months after receiving clemency from President Carter.)
In 1988, members of the eastern Massachusetts Episcopal diocese elected Barbara C. Harris the first female bishop in the church's history.
In 1998, the government began releasing the new, harder-to-counterfeit $20 bill.
In 2003, after four turbulent months, three special legislative sessions and two Democratic walkouts, both houses of the Republican-controlled Texas Legislature adopted redistricting plans favoring the GOP. The top candidates vying to replace California Gov. Gray Davis joined in a lively debate.
In 2007, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad questioned the official version of the Sept. 11 attacks and defended the right to cast doubt on the Holocaust in a tense appearance at Columbia University in New York. United Auto Workers walked off the job at GM plants in the first nationwide strike during auto contract negotiations since 1976; a tentative pact ended the walkout two days later.
In the world
In 1963, the U.S. Senate ratified a treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union limiting nuclear testing.
In 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson won the men's 100-meter dash at the Seoul Summer Olympics - but he was disqualified three days later for using anabolic steroids.