In 1907, a battle took place in Keystone Canyon near Valdez over a railroad right-of-way.
In 1910, the Copper River and Northwestern Railway link to Chitna was established. Railroad Day was celebrated in succeeding years.
In 1932, the Russell Hyde Merrill memorial beacon was dedicated in Anchorage.
In 1969, a rupture of a rubberized oil storage bladder at Prudhoe Bay spilled 20,000 gallons of jet fuel onto the rime ice over the bay. A protective dike around the oil storage area was still under construction.
In the nation
In 1690, one of the earliest American newspapers, Publick Occurrences, published its first and last edition in Boston.
In 1789, the first U.S. Congress adopted 12 amendments to the Constitution and sent them to the states for ratification. Ten of the amendments became the Bill of Rights.
In 1890, President Benjamin Harrison signed a measure establishing Sequoia National Park. Wilford Woodruff, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, issued a Manifesto formally renouncing the practice of polygamy.
In 1957, with 300 U.S. Army troops standing guard, nine black children forced to withdraw from Central High School in Little Rock, Ark., because of unruly white crowds were escorted to class.
In 1973, the three-man crew of the U.S. space laboratory Skylab 2 splashed down safely in the Pacific Ocean after spending 59 days in orbit.
In 1978, 144 people were killed when a Pacific Southwest Airlines Boeing 727 and a private plane collided over San Diego.