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In 1867, hurricane-force winds struck Sitka, causing great damage.
In 1947, a 3-year old boy halted plane traffic at Merrill Field in Anchorage when he crawled onto the field after dark. He escaped injury.
In 1974, about 100 Anchorage laundry and dry-cleaning workers went on strike over a contract that had expired six months earlier.
In the nation
In 1777, British troops occupied Philadelphia during the American Revolution.
In 1789, Thomas Jefferson was appointed America's first secretary of state.
In 1892, John Philip Sousa and his newly formed band performed publicly for the first time, at the Stillman Music Hall in Plainfield, N.J.
In 1914, the Federal Trade Commission was established.
In 1955, following word that President Eisenhower had suffered a heart attack, the New York Stock Exchange saw its worst price decline since 1929.
In 1957, the musical play "West Side Story," a retelling of "Romeo and Juliet" set in modern-day New York and featuring a score by Leonard Bernstein and choreography by Jerome Robbins, opened on Broadway.
In 1960, the first debate between presidential candidates took place as John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon faced off in Chicago before a national TV audience.
In 1981, the twin-engine Boeing 767 made its official debut in Everett, Wash.
In 1986, William H. Rehnquist was sworn in as the 16th chief justice of the United States, while Antonin Scalia joined the Supreme Court as its 103rd member.
In 1991, four men and four women began a two-year stay inside a sealed-off structure in Oracle, Ariz., called Biosphere 2. (They emerged from Biosphere on this date in 1993.)
In 2002, WorldCom former controller David Myers pleaded guilty to securities fraud, saying he was told by "senior management" to falsify records in what became the largest corporate accounting scandal in U.S. history. (Myers was later sentenced to one year and one day in prison.) Four employees and a customer were shot to death at a bank in Norfolk, Neb. (four suspects were later arrested; three were convicted of first-degree murder while a fourth pleaded guilty).