In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1867, hurricane force winds struck Sitka, causing great damage.
In 1947, a 3-year-old boy who liked airplanes halted plane traffic at Merrill Field in Anchorage when he crawled onto the field after dark. He escaped injury.
In 1974, about 100 laundry and dry cleaning workers surprised Anchorage laundry owners by going on strike over a contract that had expired six months earlier.
In the nation
In 1777, British troops occupied Philadelphia during the American Revolution.
In 1789, Thomas Jefferson was appointed America's first secretary of state.
In 1892, John Philip Sousa and his newly formed band performed publicly for the first time, at the Stillman Music Hall in Plainfield, N.J.
In 1914, the Federal Trade Commission was established.
In 1955, following word that President Eisenhower had suffered a heart attack, the New York Stock Exchange saw its worst price decline since 1929.
In 1957, the musical play "West Side Story" opened on Broadway.
In 1960, the first debate between presidential candidates took place as John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon faced off in Chicago before a national TV audience.
In 1986, William H. Rehnquist was sworn in as the 16th chief justice of the United States, while Antonin Scalia joined the Supreme Court as its 103rd member.
In 1991, four men and four women began a two-year stay inside a sealed-off structure in Oracle, Ariz., called Biosphere 2. (They emerged from Biosphere on this date in 1993.)
In 1998, the nation's first march on cancer took place on the National Mall in Washington.
In 2003, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin opened a two-day summit at Camp David. The government issued a recall for Segway scooters, citing instances in which riders fell off when the batteries ran low.
In 2007, a judge declared a mistrial in Phil Spector's murder trial because the jury was deadlocked 10-2 in favor of convicting the music producer of killing actress Lana Clarkson.
In the world
In 1918, the Meuse-Argonne offensive against the Germans began during World War I.
In 1997, an Indonesian Airbus A-300 crashed while approaching Medan Airport in north Sumatra, killing all 234 people aboard.
In 2003, a magnitude 8 quake rocked Japan's northern island of Hokkaido, injuring more than 750 people.
In 2007, Myanmar began a violent crackdown on protests, beating and dragging away dozens of monks.