This Day in History

Posted: Friday, September 26, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1867, hurricane force winds struck Sitka, causing great damage.

• In 1947, a 3-year-old boy who liked airplanes halted plane traffic at Merrill Field in Anchorage when he crawled onto the field after dark. He escaped injury.

• In 1974, about 100 laundry and dry cleaning workers surprised Anchorage laundry owners by going on strike over a contract that had expired six months earlier.

In the nation

• In 1777, British troops occupied Philadelphia during the American Revolution.

• In 1789, Thomas Jefferson was appointed America's first secretary of state.

• In 1892, John Philip Sousa and his newly formed band performed publicly for the first time, at the Stillman Music Hall in Plainfield, N.J.

• In 1914, the Federal Trade Commission was established.

• In 1955, following word that President Eisenhower had suffered a heart attack, the New York Stock Exchange saw its worst price decline since 1929.

• In 1957, the musical play "West Side Story" opened on Broadway.

• In 1960, the first debate between presidential candidates took place as John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon faced off in Chicago before a national TV audience.

• In 1986, William H. Rehnquist was sworn in as the 16th chief justice of the United States, while Antonin Scalia joined the Supreme Court as its 103rd member.

• In 1991, four men and four women began a two-year stay inside a sealed-off structure in Oracle, Ariz., called Biosphere 2. (They emerged from Biosphere on this date in 1993.)

• In 1998, the nation's first march on cancer took place on the National Mall in Washington.

• In 2003, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin opened a two-day summit at Camp David. The government issued a recall for Segway scooters, citing instances in which riders fell off when the batteries ran low.

• In 2007, a judge declared a mistrial in Phil Spector's murder trial because the jury was deadlocked 10-2 in favor of convicting the music producer of killing actress Lana Clarkson.

In the world

• In 1918, the Meuse-Argonne offensive against the Germans began during World War I.

• In 1997, an Indonesian Airbus A-300 crashed while approaching Medan Airport in north Sumatra, killing all 234 people aboard.

• In 2003, a magnitude 8 quake rocked Japan's northern island of Hokkaido, injuring more than 750 people.

• In 2007, Myanmar began a violent crackdown on protests, beating and dragging away dozens of monks.

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