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In 1949, a fire destroyed the Ice Pool Tavern in Nenana. The blaze also brought down power lines, throwing the entire town into darkness.
In 1947, two Chicago men reported finding a 600-pound jade nugget in the Shungnak River, a tributary of the Kobuk River.
In 1957, Richfield Oil Co. completed its Kenai Peninsula discovery well, pumping 900 barrels a day.
In 1959, the Alaska Steamship Co. freighter Illiamna reported that a fire on board had destroyed 11 automobiles in one of its holds while it was crossing the Gulf of Alaska.
In the nation
In 1779, John Adams was named to negotiate the Revolutionary War's peace terms with Britain.
In 1928, the United States said it was recognizing the Nationalist Chinese government.
In 1942, Glenn Miller and his Orchestra performed together for the last time, at the Central Theater in Passaic, N.J., prior to Miller's entry into the Army.
In 1954, "Tonight!" hosted by Steve Allen, made its network debut on NBC-TV.
In 1964, the government publicly released the report of the Warren Commission, which found that Lee Harvey Oswald had acted alone in assassinating President Kennedy.
In 1979, Congress gave final approval to forming the Department of Education, the 13th Cabinet agency in U.S. history.
In 1991, President George H.W. Bush announced in a nationally broadcast address that he was eliminating all U.S. battlefield nuclear weapons, and called on the Soviet Union to match the gesture.
In 1997, the space shuttle Atlantis blasted off, docking hours later with the problem-plagued Russian Mir station to drop off American David Wolf and pick up Michael Foale.
In 2002, President George W. Bush said the United Nations should have a chance to force Saddam Hussein to give up his weapons of mass destruction before the United States acted on its own against Iraq, but told a Republican fundraising event in Denver that action had to come quickly.
In 2006, President Bush hosted a peacemaking dinner at the White House for the bickering leaders of Pakistan and Afghanistan, Gen. Pervez Musharraf and Hamid Karzai. Republicans announced they would hold their 2008 presidential convention in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis-St. Paul. A gunman took six girls hostage at a high school in Bailey, Colo.; he molested them and killed one girl before committing suicide.
In the world
In 1825, the first locomotive to haul a passenger train was operated by George Stephenson in England.
In 1854, the first great disaster involving an Atlantic Ocean liner occurred when the steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard.
In 1939, Warsaw, Poland, surrendered after weeks of resistance to invading forces from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II.