In 1930, E.J. "Stroller" White, longtime Alaska and Yukon newspaperman, died in Juneau.
In 1947, an unknown traffic violator saved the lives of two Ketchikan policemen who were being overcome by carbon monoxide. The speeding car aroused the officers enough to get them out of their car. They collapsed but recovered in the hospital.
In 1979, the U.S. Department of the Interior transferred ownership of 1.5 million acres of land to the state of Alaska. The last such transfer was in 1974.
In the nation
In 1781, American forces in the Revolutionary War, backed by a French fleet, began their siege of Yorktown Heights, Va.
In 1787, Congress voted to send the just-completed Constitution of the United States to state legislatures for their approval.
In 1850, flogging was abolished as a form of punishment in the U.S. Navy.
In 1924, two U.S. Army planes landed in Seattle after completing the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.
In 1974, first lady Betty Ford underwent a mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Medical Center in Maryland, following discovery of a cancerous lump in her breast.
In 1991, jazz great Miles Davis died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 65.
In 1994, CIA Director R. James Woolsey announced reprimands of 11 senior officers in the wake of the Aldrich Ames spy scandal, but said no one would be demoted or fired.
In the world
In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England to claim the English throne.
In 1542, Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo arrived at present-day San Diego.
In 1939, during World War II, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed on a plan to partition Poland.
In 1989, deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos died in exile in Hawaii at age 72.
In 1994, more than 900 people died when an Estonian ferry capsized and sank in the Baltic sea.