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In 1930, E. J. "Stroller" White, longtime Alaska and Yukon newspaperman, died in Juneau.
In 1947, an unknown traffic violator saved the lives of two Ketchikan policemen who were being overcome by carbon monoxide. The speeding car aroused the officers enough to get them out of their car. They collapsed but recovered in the hospital.
In 1979, the U.S. Department of the Interior transferred ownership of 1.5 million acres of land to the State of Alaska. The last such transfer was in 1974.
In the nation
In 1542, Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo arrived at present-day San Diego.
In 1781, American forces in the Revolutionary War, backed by a French fleet, began their siege of Yorktown, Va.
In 1787, Congress voted to send the just-completed Constitution of the United States to state legislatures for their approval.
In 1850, flogging was abolished as a form of punishment in the U.S. Navy.
In 1924, two U.S. Army planes landed in Seattle, Wash., having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.
In 1967, Walter E. Washington was sworn in as the first mayor-commissioner of the District of Columbia (he'd been appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson).
In 1974, first lady Betty Ford underwent a mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Medical Center in Maryland, following discovery of a cancerous lump in her breast.
In 1987, U.S. Rep. Patricia Schroeder, D-Colo., announced in Denver that she would not run for the Democratic presidential nomination.
In 1997, Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 58th home run on the final day of the regular season as his team beat the Chicago Cubs 2-1.
In 2002, finance leaders meeting in Washington directed the International Monetary Fund to work on new approach to resolving global debt crises.
In the world
In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England to claim the English throne.
In 1939, during World War II, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed on a plan to partition Poland.
In 1997, Swiss voters overwhelmingly endorsed their government's liberal drug policies, including the controversial state distribution of heroin to hardened addicts.
In 2002, Iraq defiantly rejected a U.S.-British plan for the United Nations to force President Saddam Hussein to disarm and open his palaces for weapons searches.
In 2006, Al-Qaida in Iraq's leader, in a chilling audiotape, called for nuclear scientists to join his group's holy war and urged insurgents to kidnap Westerners so they could be traded for a blind Egyptian sheik who is serving a life sentence in a U.S. prison.