This Day in History

Posted: Monday, September 29, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1966, the Seward Petticoat Gazette, published by the Business and Professional Women's Club of Seward, printed its last edition.

• In 1969, contents of a scientific report, kept secret for 10 months, warned of earthquake risk from underground nuclear tests on Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.

• In 1974, two bulldozer teams met at the South Fork of the Koyukuk River, completing the 360-mile gravel bed overlay for the first road in the United States to cross the Arctic Circle. It became known as the North Slope Haul Road, and nowadays, the Dalton Highway. A formal ribbon-cutting was held but many dignitaries were snowed out.

In the nation

• In 1789, the U.S. War Department established a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.

• In 1953, the family comedy "Make Room for Daddy," starring Danny Thomas, premiered on ABC.

• In 1963, the second session of Second Vatican Council opened in Rome.

• In 1963, the situation comedy "My Favorite Martian" premiered on CBS.

• In 1963, "The Judy Garland Show" premiered on CBS.

• In 1982, seven people in the Chicago area died after unwittingly taking Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide.

• In 1988, the space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., marking America's return to manned space flight following the Challenger disaster.

• In 1998, former Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley died at age 80. The Federal Reserve cut the federal funds rate a quarter-point, to 5.25 percent.

In the world

• In 1829, London's reorganized police force, which became known as Scotland Yard, went on duty.

• In 1918, Allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of the Hindenburg Line during World War I.

• In 1943, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio signed an armistice aboard the British ship Nelson off Malta.

• In 1978, Pope John Paul I was found dead in his Vatican apartment just over a month after becoming head of the Roman Catholic Church.

• In 1993, Bosnia's parliament spurned an international peace plan, voting overwhelmingly to reject it unless Bosnian Serbs returned land taken by force.

• In 2002, Israel bowed to U.N. demands and U.S. pressure, pulling troops and tanks out through the barbed wire encircling Yasser Arafat's West Bank headquarters.

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