This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, September 29, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1966, the Seward Petticoat Gazette, published by the Business and Professional Womens' Club of Seward, printed its last edition.

• In 1969, contents of a scientific report, kept secret for 10 months, warned of earthquake risk from underground nuclear tests on Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.

• In 1974, two bulldozer teams met at the South Fork of the Koyukuk River, completing the 360-mile overlay for the first road in the United States to cross the Arctic Circle. It became known as the North Slope Haul Road, and nowadays, the Dalton Highway. A formal ribbon-cutting was held but many dignitaries were snowed out.

In the nation

• In 1789, the U.S. War Department established a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.

• In 1955, a one-act version of the Arthur Miller play "A View From the Bridge" opened in New York. Miller later turned it into a two-act play.

• In 1982, seven people in the Chicago area died after unwittingly taking Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide.

• In 1988, the space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., marking America's return to manned space flight following the Challenger disaster.

• In 1994, the House voted to end the age-old practice of lobbyists buying meals and entertainment for members of Congress.

• In 1995, Calif. Gov. Pete Wilson abandoned his bid for the 1996 Republican presidential nomination. The O.J. Simpson trial was sent to the jury. Three U.S. servicemen were indicted in the rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan girl and handed over to Japanese authorities. They were later convicted.

In the world

• In 1829, London's reorganized police force, which became known as Scotland Yard, went on duty.

• In 1918, Allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of the Hindenburg Line during World War I.

• In 1943, General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio signed an armistice aboard the British ship Nelson off Malta.

• In 1963, the second session of Second Vatican Council opened in Rome.

• In 1978, Pope John Paul I was found dead in his Vatican apartment just over a month after becoming head of the Roman Catholic Church.

• In 1979, Pope John Paul II became the first pope to visit Ireland as he arrived for a three-day tour.

• In 2000, Israeli riot police stormed a major Jerusalem shrine and opened fire on stone-throwing Muslim worshippers, killing four Palestinians and wounding 175.

• In 2004, a video surfaced showing Kenneth Bigley, a British hostage held by Iraqi militants, pleading for help between the bars of a makeshift cage. Bigley was later killed.

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