In 1947, based upon information from Siberian Eskimos who visited St. Lawrence Island, the Anchorage Times reported that the Soviet Union was building a secret military base on the Siberian coast.
In 1949, the U.S. Air Force confirmed that Eielson Air Force Base would be used for training operations for B-36 bombers.
In 1964, 11 Japanese companies began a three-week survey of the timber potential of Southcentral Alaska.
In the nation
In 1777, the Congress of the United States - forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces - moved to York, Pa.
In 1846, dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time on a patient in his Boston office.
In 1954, the first atomic-powered vessel, the submarine Nautilus, was commissioned by the Navy.
In 1962, black student James Meredith succeeded on his fourth try in registering for classes at the University of Mississippi.
In 2000, a Catholic priest crashed his car into a building housing an abortion clinic in Rockford, Ill., and attacked it with an ax. The Rev. John Earl later pleaded guilty to damaging property, and was sentenced to 30 months' probation and two days in county jail.
In 2004, President Bush and Sen. John Kerry met in their first debate. The House followed the Senate in decisively rejecting a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage.
In the world
In 1791, Mozart's opera "The Magic Flute" premiered in Vienna, Austria.
In 1938, British, French, German and Italian leaders decided to appease Adolf Hitler by allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.
In 1946, an international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.
In 1949, the Berlin Airlift came to an end.
In 1993, an estimated 10,000 people were killed when an earthquake measuring a magnitude of 6.4 struck southern India.
In 1995, U.S. envoy Richard Holbrooke, trying to negotiate a Bosnian cease-fire, ended inconclusive talks with the Sarajevo government and headed for Belgrade to try his luck with the Serbs.