This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, October 01, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1932, the Wrangell Institute, a boarding school for Alaska Natives, opened its doors.

• In 1939, Fairbanks radio station KFAR-AM went on the air for the first time as America's farthest-north commercial radio station.

• In 1950, the Alaska Womens' Pioneer Home opened at Sitka.

• In 1952, radio station KJNO-AM signed on the air in Juneau.

• In 1962, the first edition of The Tundra Times rolled off the presses.

• In 1969, Gov. Keith Miller expressed his support for the planned nuclear blast on Amchitka Island, over widespread fear of a possible tsunami.

• In 1978, KTOO-TV signed on the air as the first public television station in Southeast Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1908, Henry Ford introduced his Model T automobile to the market.

• In 1958, the American Express charge card made its official debut.

• In 1964, the Free Speech Movement was launched at the University of California Berkeley.

• In 1968, the Senate refused to shut down a filibuster against President Lyndon B. Johnson's nomination of Abe Fortas to be U.S. chief justice. (Fortas withdrew the next day). The cult horror movie "Night of the Living Dead" had its world premiere in Pittsburgh.

• In 1971, Walt Disney World opened in Orlando, Fla.

• In 1987, eight people were killed when an earthquake measuring magnitude 5.9 struck the Los Angeles area.

• In 2003, conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh resigned from his ESPN sports job after stirring controversy by suggesting Philadelphia Eagles quarterback Donovan McNabb was overrated because the media wanted to see a black quarterback succeed.

In the world

• In 1800, Spain ceded Louisiana to France in a secret treaty.

• In 1918, Damascus fell to Arab forces as Turkish Ottoman officials surrendered the city.

• In 1936, Gen. Francisco Franco was proclaimed the head of an insurgent Spanish state.

• In 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China during a ceremony in Beijing.

• In 1998, seeking to head off threatened NATO attacks, Yugoslavia's Serb leadership invited foreign experts to investigate massacres in Kosovo.

• In 2003, the United States took over the monthlong presidency of the U.N. Security Council at a time when it was campaigning for approval of a new resolution aimed at getting more countries to contribute troops and money to Iraq.

• In 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin, in a surprise announcement, opened the door to becoming the country's prime minister.

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