In 1903, telegraph service via submarine cable began between Juneau and Sitka.
In 1906, the office of the U.S. surveyor general was moved from Sitka to Juneau.
In 1969, Interior Secretary Walter Hickel OK'd the right-of-way request for the $900 million trans-Alaska oil pipeline.
In 1979, Ray Genet, the famous mountain guide from Talkeetna, nicknamed "The Pirate," died on Mount Everest after successfully reaching the summit.
In the nation
In 1835, the first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers defeated a Mexican cavalry near the Guadalupe River.
In 1919, President Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed.
In 1950, the comic strip "Peanuts," created by Charles M. Schulz, was first published in nine newspapers.
In 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; he was the first black appointed to the nation's highest court.
In 1975, President Ford welcomed Japan's Emperor Hirohito to the United States.
In 1980, U.S. Rep. Michael "Ozzie" Myers, D-Pa., convicted of accepting a bribe in the FBI's ABSCAM sting operation, was expelled from the House, becoming the first congressman ousted by his colleagues since the outbreak of the Civil War.
In 1995, O.J. Simpson's jurors stunned the courtroom and the nation by reaching verdicts in the sensational eight-month murder trial in less than four hours. (The decision was kept secret until the following day, when it was announced that Simpson had been acquitted.)
In the world
In 1780, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, N.Y.
In 1941, German armies began Operation Typhoon - an all-out drive against Moscow.
In 1944, Nazi troops crushed the 2-month-old Warsaw Uprising, during which a quarter of a million people were killed.
In 1958, the former French colony of Guinea in West Africa proclaimed its independence.