In the nation
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In 1835, the first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers defeated a Mexican cavalry near the Guadalupe River.
In 1919, President Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed.
In 1950, the comic strip "Peanuts," created by Charles M. Schulz, was first published in nine newspapers.
In 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; he was the first black appointed to the nation's highest court.
In 1975, President Ford welcomed Japan's Emperor Hirohito to the United States.
In 1985, actor Rock Hudson died at his home in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 59 after battling AIDS.
In 1997, President Clinton proposed sending inspectors to farms around the world to ensure that foreign-grown fruits and vegetables were safe for American consumers.
In 2002, a resident of Silver Spring, Md., was shot and killed by a sniper in a store parking lot in Wheaton; the next day, five people in the Washington, D.C., area were shot dead, setting off a frantic manhunt. (John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo were later arrested for 10 killings and three woundings; Muhammad has been sentenced to death, Malvo to life in prison.)
In 2006, an armed milk truck driver took a group of girls hostage in an Amish schoolhouse in Nickel Mines, Pa., killing five of the girls and wounding five others before committing suicide.
In the world
In 1780, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, N.Y.
In 1941, during World War II, German armies began an all-out drive against Moscow
In 1944, Nazi troops crushed the 2-month-old Warsaw Uprising, during which a quarter of a million people were killed.