This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, October 03, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1904, the submarine telegraph cable between Sitka and Valdez was completed.

• In 1916, the new steel tower for the Marconi Wireless Co. was completed on the side of Mount Juneau.

• In 1929, George Parks was reconfirmed as governor of Alaska by the U.S. Senate. He was governor of the Territory of Alaska from 1925 until 1933, appointed by Presidents Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover.

• In 1934, the Nome Common Council approved a replat of the six-acre downtown area that had been leveled by fire two weeks earlier. The Council widened Front Street and moved it about 25 feet further from the beach.

• In 1959, just months after statehood, Alaska House Majority Leader Peter Kalamarides said he felt the state capital should be moved from Juneau.

• In 1969, over protests at home and abroad, the Atomic Energy Commission exploded a 1.2 megaton hydrogen bomb beneath Amchitka Island in the Aleutians. Two more such tests also were scheduled. The state of Alaska's two-level parking garage opened up in Juneau with a net gain of 30 parking spaces at a cost of $345,708 ($11,523 per space).

In the nation

• In 1863, President Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day.

• In 1951, the New York Giants captured the National League pennant as Bobby Thomson hit a three-run homer off the Brooklyn Dodgers' Ralph Branca in the "shot heard 'round the world."

• In 1962, astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma 7 on a nine-hour flight.

• In 1991, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton entered the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.

• In 1995, the jury in the O.J. Simpson murder trial announced its verdicts, finding the former football star not guilty of the 1994 slayings of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman. (However, Simpson was later found liable in a civil trial).

• In 1996, Polish poet Wislawa Szymborska won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

• In 2001, a man aboard a Greyhound bus in Tennessee slashed the driver's throat, causing a crash that killed seven passengers, including the attacker. The Senate approved an agreement normalizing trade between the United States and Vietnam.

• In 2005, President Bush nominated White House counsel Harriet Miers to the Supreme Court (however, she withdrew three weeks later after criticism over her lack of judicial experience and Republican concerns about her conservatism).

In the world

• In 1929, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

• In 1941, Adolf Hitler declared in a speech in Berlin that Russia had been "broken" and would "never rise again."

• In 1952, Britain conducted its first atomic test as it detonated a 25-kiloton device in the Monte Bello Islands off Australia.

• In 1981, Irish nationalists at the Maze Prison near Belfast, Northern Ireland, ended seven months of hunger strikes that had claimed 10 lives.

• In 1986, the Soviet nuclear submarine K-219 suffered an explosion and fire in a missile tube northeast of Bermuda; the vessel sank three days later.

• In 2005, a Russian space capsule with American tourist Gregory Olsen aboard docked with the international space station. Australians Barry J. Marshall and Robin Warren won the 2005 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine.

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