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This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, October 03, 2007

In the nation

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In 1863, President Lincoln proclaimed the last Thursday in November to be Thanksgiving Day.

In 1951, the New York Giants captured the National League pennant as Bobby Thomson hit a three-run homer off the Brooklyn Dodgers' Ralph Branca in the "shot heard 'round the world."

In 1957, the comedy series "The Real McCoys" premiered on ABC-TV.

In 1962, astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma 7 on a nine-hour flight.

In 1967, folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie died in New York at age 55.

In 1995, the jury in the O.J. Simpson murder trial announced its verdicts, finding the former football star not guilty of the 1994 slayings of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman (however, Simpson was later found liable in a civil trial).

In 1997, Attorney General Janet Reno said Justice Department investigators had no evidence President Clinton had violated the law with White House coffees and overnight stays for big contributors. However, Reno did extend a probe of Vice President Al Gore's telephone fundraising.

In 2002, five people were shot to death in the Washington, D.C., area within a 14-hour period, sparking the hunt for the "Beltway Sniper." Hurricane Lili gave Louisiana's coast a 100 mph battering.

In 2006, Americans John C. Mather and George F. Smoot won the Nobel Prize in physics.

In the world

In 1929, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In 1941, Adolf Hitler declared in a speech in Berlin that Russia had been "broken" and would "never rise again."

In 1952, Britain conducted its first atomic test as it detonated a 25-kiloton device in the Monte Bello Islands off Australia.

In 1981, Irish nationalists at the Maze Prison near Belfast, Northern Ireland, ended seven months of hunger strikes that had claimed 10 lives.

In 2006, North Korea triggered global alarm by saying it would conduct a nuclear test, but the North also said it was committed to nuclear disarmament, suggesting a willingness to negotiate. A Turkish man hijacked a jetliner traveling from Albania to Istanbul, forcing it to land in southern Italy, where he surrendered and released all the passengers unharmed.



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