This Day in History

Posted: Friday, October 03, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1904, the submarine telegraph cable between Sitka and Valdez was completed.

• In 1916, the new steel tower for the Marconi Wireless Company was completed on the side of Mount Juneau.

• In 1929, George Parks was re-confirmed as governor of Alaska by the U.S. Senate. He was governor of the Territory of Alaska from 1925 until 1933, appointed by Presidents Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover.

• In 1934, the Nome Common Council approved a replat of the six-acre downtown area that had been leveled by fire two weeks earlier. The council widened Front Street and moved it about 25 feet farther from the beach.

• In 1959, just months after statehood, Alaskan House Majority Leader Peter Kalamarides said he felt the state capital should be moved from Juneau.

• In 1969, over protests at home and abroad, the Atomic Energy Commission exploded a 1.2 megaton hydrogen bomb beneath Amchitka Island in the Aleutians. Two more such tests were also scheduled. The state of Alaska's two-level parking garage opened up in Juneau with a net gain of 30 parking spaces at a cost of $345,708, or $11,523 per space.

In the nation

• In 1863, President Lincoln proclaimed the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day.

• In 1951, the New York Giants captured the National League pennant as Bobby Thomson hit a three-run homer off the Brooklyn Dodgers' Ralph Branca in the "shot heard 'round the world."

• In 1962, astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., aboard the Sigma 7 on a nine-hour flight.

• In 1968, American Independent Party presidential candidate George Wallace tapped retired Air Force Gen. Curtis E. LeMay to be his running mate. The Howard Sackler play "The Great White Hope," starring James Earl Jones and Jane Alexander, opened on Broadway.

• In 1995, the jury in the O.J. Simpson murder trial found the former football star not guilty of the 1994 slayings of his former wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman. (However, Simpson was later found liable in a civil trial).

• In 2003, a tiger attacked magician Roy Horn of duo "Siegfried & Roy" during a performance in Las Vegas, leaving the superstar illusionist in critical condition on his 59th birthday.

• In 2007, President Bush vetoed expansion of a children's health insurance program.

In the world

• In 1929, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

• In 1941, Adolf Hitler declared in a speech in Berlin that Russia had been "broken" and would "never rise again."

• In 1952, Britain conducted its first atomic test as it detonated a 25-kiloton device in the Monte Bello Islands off Australia.

• In 1988, Lebanese kidnappers released Indian educator Mithileshwar Singh, who'd been held captive with three Americans for more than 20 months.

• In 1998, Australian Prime Minister John Howard's conservative government narrowly won re-election. Pope John Paul II beatified Cardinal Alojzije Stepinac, the World War II archbishop of Zagreb, a controversial figure because many Serbs and Jews had accused him of sympathizing with the Nazis.

• In 2007, North Korea agreed to provide a complete list of its nuclear programs and disable its facilities at its main reactor complex by Dec. 31, 2007. (However, North Korea has since said it would move to restore its nuclear reactor, saying the United States had failed to follow through with promised incentives.)

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