In 1876, "Klondike Kate" Rockwell was born.
In 1880, Joe Juneau and Richard Harris staked the first mining claims in Silver Bow Basin in Juneau.
In 1943, the Alaska Glacier Seafood Company plant in Petersburg was destroyed by fire.
In 1969, work stopped on Juneau's $50 million Snettisham Power Project after the Army Corps of Engineers ran out of money to let additional contracts.
In the nation
In 1777, George Washington's troops launched an assault on the British at Germantown, Pa., resulting in heavy American casualties.
In 1822, the 19th president of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes, was born in Delaware, Ohio.
In 1895, the first U.S. Open golf tournament was held, at the Newport Country Club in Rhode Island.
In 1931, the comic strip "Dick Tracy," created by Chester Gould, made its debut.
In 1957, the television series "Leave It to Beaver" premiered on CBS.
In 1970, rock singer Janis Joplin, 27, was found dead in her Hollywood hotel room.
In 1976, Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigned in the wake of a controversy over a joke he'd made about blacks.
In 1994, President Clinton welcomed South African President Nelson Mandela to the White House.
In 1999, an Illinois jury ordered State Farm to pay $456 million to 4.7 million customers in a lawsuit accusing the nation's largest car insurer of using inferior parts for auto body repairs. Four days later, the judge ruled State Farm had committed fraud, and awarded $730 million in actual and punitive damages on top of the jury verdict. A state appeals court upheld the ruling, but struck down $130 million in damages. State Farm is appealing.
In the world
In 1957, the Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first man-made satellite, into orbit.
In 1940, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini conferred at Brenner Pass in the Alps.