In 1913, damage at Nome caused by wind and high water from the Bering Sea was estimated at $1 million.
In 1942, the Excursion Inlet Army Post northwest of Juneau was activated with five officers and 218 enlisted men.
In 1959, Theodore J. Norby of San Rafael, California was the first person named to the $17,000 a year position of state commissioner of education.
In 1979, most of the Prudhoe Bay oil field was shut down as 50 mph winds, dust, and rain combined to short out the central power system. The outage lasted 17 hours.
In 1979, the North Pacific Management Council voted to phase out Japanese tanner crab fishing in the Bering Sea by 1981.
In the nation
In 1892, the Dalton Gang, notorious for its train robberies, was practically wiped out while attempting to rob a pair of banks in Coffeyville, Kan.
In 1921, the World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time.
In 1937, President Roosevelt called for a "quarantine" of aggressor nations.
In 1947, President Truman delivered the first televised White House address.
In 1953, Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th chief justice of the United States, succeeding Fred M. Vinson.
In 1955, a stage adaptation of "The Diary of Anne Frank" by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett opened at the Cort Theatre in New York.
In 1989, a jury in Charlotte, N.C., convicted former PTL evangelist Jim Bakker of using his television show to defraud followers.
In 2000, in the only debate of presidential running mates during the 2000 campaign, Republican Dick Cheney and Democrat Joseph Lieberman disagreed firmly but politely about military readiness, tax cuts and the future of Social Security.
In 2004, Vice President Dick Cheney and Democratic rival John Edwards slugged it out over Iraq, jobs and each other's judgment in their one and only vice-presidential debate. Americans' supply of flu vaccine was abruptly cut in half as British regulators unexpectedly shut down Chiron Corp., a major supplier. Americans David Gross, H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczeck won the Nobel Prize in physics. A state judge threw out Louisiana's constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. Tiger Woods married Swedish model Elin Nordegren in Barbados.
In the world
In 1962, the Beatles' first hit, "Love Me Do," was first released in the United Kingdom.
In 1995, Seamus Heaney of Ireland won the 1995 Nobel Prize in literature. Bosnia's combatants agreed to a 60-day cease-fire and new talks on ending their 3 1/2 years of battle.
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