In 1869, the Fort Wrangell Post Office was established.
In 1904, the first telegraph message was sent between Sitka and Valdez via the new submarine cable.
In 1947, a record price of $57.92 was set at a St. Louis auction for government-owned seal skins from the Pribilof Islands.
In 1959, 100,000 pounds of reindeer meat from Nunivak Island was in transit to markets in New York City, Washington, D.C., and Hawaii. George Byer was elected mayor of Anchorage.
In 1979, the Dena'ina people of Kenai celebrated their first potlatch in 70 years. More than 300 people came. Potlatches were stopped by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1907.
In the nation
In 1884, the Naval War College was established in Newport, R.I.
In 1927, the era of talking pictures arrived with the opening of "The Jazz Singer," a movie starring Al Jolson that featured both silent and sound-synchronized scenes.
In 1949, President Truman signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Act, totaling $1.3 billion in military aid to NATO countries. American-born Iva Toguri D'Aquino, convicted of being Japanese wartime broadcaster "Tokyo Rose," was sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years in prison and fined $10,000.
In 1976, in his second debate with Jimmy Carter, President Ford asserted there was "no Soviet domination of eastern Europe." Ford later conceded he'd misspoken.
In 1979, Pope John Paul II, on a weeklong U.S. tour, became the first pontiff to visit the White House, where he was received by President Carter.
In 1983, Cardinal Terence Cooke, the spiritual head of the Archdiocese of New York, died at age 62.
In 1994, in an address to a joint meeting of Congress, South African President Nelson Mandela warned against the lure of isolationism, saying the post-Cold War focus of the United States should be on eliminating "tyranny, instability and poverty" across the globe.
In 2003, Democrat Bob Graham announced on CNN's "Larry King Live" that he was ending his presidential campaign.
In the world
In 1889, the Moulin Rouge in Paris opened its doors to the public.
In 1973, war erupted in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria attacked Israel during the Yom Kippur holiday.
In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot to death by extremists while reviewing a military parade.
In 1989, actress Bette Davis died in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, at age 81.
In 1999, in Mexico, furious rains sent swollen rivers raging through the streets of the Gulf coast city of Villahermosa and caused mudslides; dozens of deaths were reported in eastern Mexico's coastal mountain ranges.