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In 1869, the Fort Wrangel Post Office was established.
In 1904, the first telegraph message was sent between Sitka and Valdez via a new submarine cable.
In 1947, a record price of $57.92 each was set at a St. Louis auction for government-owned seal skins from the Pribilof Islands.
In 1959, 100,000 pounds of reindeer meat from Nunivak Island was in transit to markets in New York City, Washington, D.C., and Hawaii. George Byer was elected mayor of Anchorage.
In 1979, the Dena'ina people of Kenai celebrated their first potlatch in 70 years. More than 300 people came. Potlatches were stopped by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1907.
In the nation
In 1884, the Naval War College was established in Newport, R.I.
In 1927, the era of talking pictures arrived with the opening of "The Jazz Singer," a movie starring Al Jolson which featured both silent and sound-synchronized scenes.
In 1949, President Truman signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Act, totaling $1.3 billion in military aid to NATO countries. American-born Iva Toguri D'Aquino, convicted of treason for being Japanese wartime broadcaster "Tokyo Rose," was sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years in prison and fined $10,000. (She ended up serving more than six years.)
In 1976, in his second debate with Jimmy Carter, President Ford asserted there was "no Soviet domination of eastern Europe." (Ford later conceded he'd misspoken.)
In 1996, President Clinton and Bob Dole clashed vigorously over taxes, trustworthiness and spending priorities in a prime-time debate in Hartford, Conn.
In 2001, Cal Ripken played his last game in the major leagues as his Baltimore Orioles lost to the visiting Boston Red Sox, 5-1.
In the world
In 1889, the Moulin Rouge in Paris first opened its doors to the public.
In 1973, war erupted in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria attacked Israel during the Yom Kippur holiday.
In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot to death by extremists while reviewing a military parade.
In 2005, President Bush sought to rally flagging public support for the war in Iraq, accusing militants of seeking to establish a "radical Islamic empire" with Iraq as the base.