This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, October 07, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1870, The U.S. Army abandoned Fort Tongass, near Alaska's southernmost boundary.

• In 1925, Fire destroyed the box factory of the Ketchikan Spruce Mills.

• In 1971, the Juneau Municipal Airport put a distance measuring equipment navigation aid into operation. It would let pilots know their exact distance from the runway, improving safety in poor weather.

In the nation

• In 1765, the Stamp Act Congress convened in New York to draw up colonial grievances against England.

• In 1777, the second Battle of Saratoga began during the American Revolution. (British forces under General John Burgoyne surrendered ten days later.)

• In 1916, in the most lopsided victory in college football history, Georgia Tech defeated Cumberland University 222-0 in Atlanta.

• In 1954, Marian Anderson became the first black singer hired by the Metropolitan Opera Company in New York.

• In 1960, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy and Republican opponent Richard M. Nixon held their second televised debate, in Washington, D.C.

• In 1982, the Andrew Lloyd Webber-Tim Rice musical "Cats" opened on Broadway. (The show closed Sept. 10, 2000, after a record 7,485 performances.)

• In 1991, University of Oklahoma law professor Anita Hill accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of making sexually inappropriate comments when she worked for him; Thomas denied the allegations.

• In 1997, Sen. Fred Thompson, R-Tenn., chairman of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee investigating fundraising abuses, accused the White House of "a clear pattern of delay, foot-dragging, concealing." Former White House deputy chief of staff Harold Ickes defended using the White House to raise Democratic money, telling the committee, "We played by the rules."

• In 2002, in an address to the nation, President Bush labeled Saddam Hussein a "homicidal dictator" and said the threat from Iraq was unique and imminent. The Washington-area sniper struck again, shooting and critically wounding a 13-year-old boy as his aunt dropped him off at school in Bowie, Md.

• In 2006, the Bush family christened the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Bush, named after the 41st president, in Newport News, Va.

In the world

• In 1571, allied Christian forces defeated an Ottoman fleet in the naval Battle of Lepanto.

• In 1949, the Republic of East Germany was formed.

• In 1985, Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean. (The hijackers, who killed an elderly Jewish American tourist, surrendered two days after taking the ship.)

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