In 1914, the first governor of the state of Alaska, William Egan, was born in Valdez.
In 1942, the War Production Board ordered the closure of most Alaska mines as an effort to conserve manpower, but excluded the Alaska-Juneau Mine.
In 1954, the Alaska Air Command revealed that radar had detected unidentified aircraft flying over Alaska. Rumors identified them as Russian planes looking for A-Bomb targets, Scandinavian jetliners or Bush planes.
In the nation
In 1869, the 14th president of the United States, Franklin Pierce, died in Concord, N.H.
In 1871, the Great Chicago Fire erupted while another deadly blaze broke out in Peshtigo, Wis.
In 1890, American aviation hero Eddie Rickenbacker was born in Columbus, Ohio.
In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was indicted for murder in the death of the infant son of Charles A. Lindbergh.
In 1945, President Truman announced that the secret of the atomic bomb would be shared only with Britain and Canada.
In 1956, Don Larsen pitched the only perfect game in a World Series to date as the New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers, 2-0.
In 1993, the government issued a report absolving the FBI of wrongdoing in its final assault in Texas on the Branch Davidian compound, which went up in flames, killing as many as 85 people.
In 1998, the House triggered an open-ended impeachment inquiry against President Clinton in a momentous 258-176 vote; 31 Democrats joined majority Republicans in opening the way for nationally televised impeachment hearings.
In 2002, a federal judge approved President Bush's request to reopen West Coast ports, ending a caustic 10-day labor lockout that was costing the U.S. economy an estimated $1 billion to $2 billion a day.
In the world
In 1918, Sgt. Alvin C. York almost single-handedly killed 25 German soldiers and captured 132 in the Argonne Forest in France.
In 1970, Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was named winner of the Nobel Prize for literature.
In 1982, all labor organizations in Poland, including Solidarity, were banned.
In 1985, the hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro killed American passenger Leon Klinghoffer.
In 1992, former West German Chancellor Willy Brandt died in Unkel, Germany, at age 78.
In 2002, two Kuwaiti gunmen attacked U.S. forces during war games on a Gulf island, killing one Marine and wounding another before they were shot to death.