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In 1942, the War Production Board ordered the closure of most Alaska mines as an effort to conserve manpower, but excluded the Alaska-Juneau Mine.
In 1954, the Alaska Air Command revealed that radar had detected unidentified aircraft flying over Alaska. Rumors had them as either Russian planes looking for atomic bomb targets, Scandinavian jetliners or bush planes.
In the nation
In 1871, the Great Chicago Fire erupted; fires also broke out in Peshtigo, Wis., and in the Michigan communities of Holland, Manistee and Port Huron.
In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was indicted by a grand jury in New Jersey for murder in the death of the son of Charles A. Lindbergh.
In 1945, President Truman announced that the secret of the atomic bomb would be shared only with Britain and Canada.
In 1956, Don Larsen pitched the only perfect game in a World Series to date as the New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers in Game 5, 2-0.
In 1957, the Brooklyn Baseball Club announced it was accepting an offer to move the Dodgers from New York to Los Angeles.
In 1997, scientists reported the Mars Pathfinder had yielded what could be the strongest evidence yet that Mars might once have been hospitable to life. Gueorgui Makharadze, a diplomat from the Republic of Georgia, pleaded guilty in Washington to charges stemming from a car crash that killed Maryland teenager Jovianne Waltrick. (Makharadze was sentenced to seven years in prison; he initially served his term in a U.S. prison, but was later transferred to Georgia, where he was paroled in 2002.)
In 2002, a federal judge approved President Bush's request to reopen West Coast ports, ending a caustic 10-day labor lockout that was costing the U.S. economy an estimated $1 billion to $2 billion a day.
In 2006, word reached the United States of North Korea's claim that it had conducted its first nuclear weapons test (because of the time difference, it was Oct. 9 in North Korea).
In the world
In 1918, Sgt. Alvin C. York almost single-handedly killed 25 German soldiers and helped capture 132 in the Argonne Forest in France.
In 1970, Soviet author Aleksander Solzhenitsyn was named winner of the Nobel Prize for literature.
In 1981, at the White House, President Reagan greeted former Presidents Carter, Ford and Nixon, who were preparing to travel to Egypt for the funeral of Anwar Sadat.
In 1982, all labor organizations in Poland, including Solidarity, were banned.
In 2002, two Kuwaiti gunmen attacked U.S. forces during war games on a Gulf island, killing one Marine and wounding another before they were shot to death. Americans Raymond Davis Jr. and Riccardo Giacconi and Masatoshi Koshiba, a Japanese, won the Nobel Prize in physics.