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In 1914, an 8 mph speed limit was put into effect in Juneau.
In 1919, Robert J. Sommers was appointed surveyor-general and ex-officio secretary of Alaska.
In 1959, Gov. William Egan publicly opposed Alaska House Majority Leader Peter Kalamarides' suggestion that the capital be moved from Juneau. Egan officially proclaimed Oct. 18, 1959, as Alaska Day, observing the 92nd anniversary of the transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States.
In 1979, a huge mudslide in Wrangell narrowly missed hitting an apartment building and trailer court.
In the nation
In 1701, the Collegiate School of Connecticut - later Yale University - was chartered.
In 1776, a group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.
In 1888, the public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.
In 1930, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field, N.Y., to Glendale, Calif.
In 1946, the Eugene O'Neill drama "The Iceman Cometh" opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.
In 2002, Dean Harold Meyers was shot to death at a gas station near Manassas, Va., in the latest sniper shooting in the Washington, D.C., area. West Coast longshoremen returned to ports crammed with cargo after a lockout that ended only after President Bush intervened.
In 2006, Google Inc. announced it would buy YouTube Inc. for $1.65 billion in a stock deal.
In the world
In 1446, the Korean alphabet, created under the aegis of King Sejong, was first published.
In 1967, Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was executed while attempting to incite revolution in Bolivia. The British Road Safety Act, providing for use of the "breathalyser" (or breathalyzer) to detect intoxicated motorists, went into effect.
In 1975, Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1997, Hurricane Pauline struck Acapulco, Mexico, killing at least 230 people.
Dario Fo, the unabashed leftist playwright who was prosecuted by Italy, denounced by Roman Catholic Church leaders and barred from the United States, won the Nobel Prize for Literature.
In 2002, the space shuttle Atlantis arrived at the international space station, bringing with it a 14-ton girder. Daniel Kahneman, a U.S.-Israeli citizen, and Vernon L. Smith, an American, won the Nobel prize for economics; John B. Fenn, an American, Koichi Tanaka, a Japanese, and Kurt Wuethrich, a Swiss, won the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
In 2006, North Korea faced a barrage of condemnation and calls for retaliation after it announced that it had set off a small atomic weapon underground; President Bush said, "The international community will respond." American Edmund S. Phelps won the Nobel prize for economics.