This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, October 11, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1907, Juneau co-founder Richard Harris died in Portland, Ore.

• In 1909, the Golden Gate Hotel in Fairbanks was gutted by fire.

• In 1954, Carr's, then Alaska's largest grocery store, opened its doors as did the rest of the J.C. Morris Trading Center at 14th and Gambell streets in Anchorage.

• In 1954, six Anchorage prospectors reported Alaska's first uranium strike at Shirley Lake, 100 miles northwest of Anchorage.

• In 1975, the Yukon River Bridge was completed.

• In 1980, the cruise ship Princendam sank in the Gulf of Alaska.

• In 1986, the city of Seward was devastated by floods.

In the nation

• In 1779, Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski, fighting for American independence, died two days after being mortally wounded during the Revolutionary War Battle of Savannah, Ga.

• In 1811, the first steam-powered ferry boat, the Juliana, was put into operation between New York City and Hoboken, N.J.

• In 1890, the Daughters of the American Revolution was founded in Washington, D.C.

• In 1958, the lunar probe Pioneer 1 was launched; it failed to go as far out as planned, fell back to Earth, and burned up in the atmosphere.

• In 1968, Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, was launched with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Fulton Eisele and R. Walter Cunningham aboard.

• In 1975, "NBC Saturday Night" (later "Saturday Night Live") made its debut with guest host George Carlin.

• In 1984, space shuttle Challenger astronaut Kathy Sullivan became the first American woman to walk in space.

• In 1995, 10 Republican presidential candidates used their first televised forum to politely compete for support in the New Hampshire primary. O.J. Simpson backed out of his live interview with NBC just hours before air time. Americans Mario Molina and Sherwood Rowland and Dutch scientist Paul Crutzen won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their controversial work warning that gases once used in spray cans and other items were eating away at Earth's ozone layer.

• In 2002, former President Jimmy Carter won the Nobel Peace Prize.

In the world

• In 1942, the World War II Battle of Cape Esperance began in the Solomons, resulting in an American victory over the Japanese.

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